笃学奖-Topic3-A10440-甘比精读

Day8

1.Turn sth upside down

a)to make a place very untidy when you are looking for something

b)to cause a lot of change and confusion in a situation or in
someone’s life

The burglars have turned our house upside down.

The chairs were placed upside down on the tables.

同义词bottom
up,inverted,inside
out, topsy-turvy

2.Anathema

something that is completely the opposite of what you believe in

His political viewswere anathema tome.

【记】1)原指:逐出教门(正式的教禁令、诅咒或逐出教门)2)ana错,them他们,a啊-他们错了啊-所以要诅咒他们3)ana反对,the神,ma妈:反对神的妈妈便见面惨遭-诅咒

【类】anathema:curse=theocracy:stateanathema大凡明智的诅咒=theocracy是神权政权(范畴一致)

【反】panegyric(n 颂词);blessing(n 祝福)”

3.Incumbent

someone who has been elected to an official position, especially in
politics, and who is doing that job at the present time

A word of caution must be mentioned to
theincumbentprogram
manager.

**it is incumbent upon/on sb to do sth=it is your duty or
responsibility to do it**

It is incumbent upon parents to control what their children watch on
TV.

4.Pricey

If you say that something is pricey, you mean that it is expensive.

This restaurant is a
bitpriceyfor
me.

5.Perennial

continuing or existing for a long time, or happening again and again

Lack of resources has been aperennial problemsince the
beginning.

Teddy bears are aperennial favoritewith children

theperennialshortage
of capital资金的永缺乏

[perennial](https://link.jianshu.com?t=http://www.jukuu.com/show-perennial-0.html)plants.
多年生植物**

6.Glut

a supply of something, especially a product or crop, that is more than
is needed

a glut of oil on the world market

If there is a glut of something, there is so much of it that it cannot
all be sold or used.   供过于求;供应过多

Soldiers returning from the war had glutted the job market.

同义词:abundance, excess, plenty,superfluity, surplus.

7.Starkly

very plain in appearance, with little or no colour or decoration

In the cold dawn light, the castle looked stark and forbidding.

the stark beauty of New Mexico

unpleasantly clear and impossible to avoid

The extreme poverty of the local people is instark contrastto
the wealth of the tourists.

We are faced with a stark choice.

8.Disruptive

causing problems and preventing something from continuing in its usual
way

Night work can be verydisruptive tohome life.

Mike’s parents thought I wasa disruptive influence(=a person
who causes disruption) .

A
few
disruptivestudents
can easily ruin a class. 爱捣乱的学童

9.Intermittent

an intermittent fault in a machine.机器的间歇性故障。

同义词: irregular,occasional,periodic, recurrent, sporadic.

In the
daytimeintermittentrains
freshened all the earth.

sporadic distribution  不规则分布

10.Doldrums

a)if an industry, company, activity etc is in the doldrums, it is
not doing well or developing

in the doldrums

The property market has beenin the doldrumsfor months.

Recenteconomic doldrumshave damaged the rural west.

Despite these measures, the economy remains in the doldrums.

b)if you are in the doldrums, you are feeling sad

He’s been in the doldrums ever since she left him.

  1. Diesel

an internal-combustion内燃机 engine that burns heavy oil

12.Be insulated from

We are not insulated from the real world the way we were.

Children should be carefully insulated from harmful experiences

13.Subsidyfosterdeployment of renewables; renewablesdepresspower
prices, increasing the need for financial support. 这片独动词用之好可以!

14.Penetration —-Penetrate

Explorers penetrated deep into unknown regions.

A shrill cry penetrated the silence.

He penetrated their thoughts.

15.Cannibalize

if one of a company’s products cannibalizes another, it takes sales
away from it 互相残杀,调配人手

Coke then believed that selling a diet soda under the Coke label
wouldcannibalizeCoke’s sales.

cannibal tribe食人部落

16.shy away

If you shy away from doing something, you avoid doing it, often
because you are afraid or not confident enough.

We frequentlyshy away frommaking decisions.

Alan doesn’tshy away from controversy.

同义:shun from….retreated from…

17.Incipient

starting to happen or exist

She felt for him anincipienttenderness, but scarcely any passion.

Detectingincipienttumors

同义:initial ,rudimentary

18.Precipitous

dangerously high or steep,very sudden

*a precipitous decline**in stock prices/ one’s health*

a precipitous marriage

The town is perched on the edge of a steep, precipitous cliff.

同义词:abrupt, perpendicular, sharp, sheer, steep,vertical.

  1. bolster

to help someone to feel better and more positive,to improve
something靠枕cushion,支持

Britain is free to adopt policies tobolster its economy.

bolsterup
someone’s pride

20.Nibble away好生动!描写一点一点侵害,蚕食decay,erode,erosion

Inflation began to nibble away at their savings.

His teeth having all dropped out, he could only nibble away at his
food

These high levels of inequalityerodesocial cohesion in the
region.

The sea haveerodethe cliff face over the years

  1. unabated

continuing without becoming any weaker or less violent

The stormcontinued unabatedthroughout the night.

his unabated ambition

The fighting has continued unabated for over 24 hours.

同义词undiminished,unexhausted,unextinguished,unfaded,unflagging,unmitigated

22.Wholesale

the business of selling goods in large quantities at low prices to
other businesses, rather than to the general public

→对应retail

wholesale prices批发价—-retail price 零售价

  1. Buck the trend抵抗这种势头

to oppose something in a direct way

He was a rebel who
continuallybuckedthesystem(=opposed rules or
authority) .

Unemployment in the area hasbuckedthe nationaltrendby
falling over the last month.

buck against

Initially he had bucked against her restraints.

Upheaval   大变革

Moving house is amajor upheaval.

*political upheaval
*


图片 1

Day9


Day10

Net metering
该方针是平等栽电价结算政策,要求电力企业以一定的价钱由安了而是再生能源发电技术之用户买掉多余的电力,或者由消费者总账单上扣除用而再生能源发电数量。

Feed-in Tariff
该策略得以保可再生能源的开发商以一定的价售卖电力,同时要求电力公司必须进。

自打履行方式及说,他们无是不是同等扭转事情。

别在于:

Net
metering是贴的价可以说哪怕是常规的公用电价,当然这种气象只是来在公采取了太阳能发电而且于必然时期内使用的电量没有越太阳能发电的量才发出贴,如果跨越了,那么从你以的电量中扣除相应的太阳能产生的电量,在公用电费高之国度是较划算的,比如发达国家,在发展中国家,可以说几无容许实现,因为这是赔的买卖。

Feed-in
Tariff则是国家强制规定了,电力公司须进用户设置之太阳能电板产生的电量,而且是高价收购,用户自己用的电量照常按照普通个人电价付费,所以是方针对上网安装用户是颇合算的,很多太阳能电站这赚取。

摘新能源及原有能源就好像是挑打车还是打车

新能源:起价高,但是一次性交给完费就便捷了,不仅未欲到打车的钱了,而且一旦好下之车并非经常还能提供顺风车服务赚钱

旧能源:一直得花钱打车,结果顺风车出来后不久了重重例行出租车的差,因为顺风车生意(新能源)更有益于

结果新能源的价格优势降低了通市场的行情,没利润了,自然投资者也非情愿失去投资

再有众多初老能源之间连接的技术问题,比如白天夜供电量不平均得很容量存电设备,再按电网得提升,要既会被用户提供电,还能够如个户太阳能产电多时可以倒购掉电网,而而如此做的言辞电力企业还要更让利为民用,本来就是获利不多,这还会存活么,但若是是全军覆没了,有只什么异常情形阴天无风政府还没法处理,政府啊蛮为难,一方面投资支持新能源环保,另外呢得帮助在原能源,所以无克拿老能源全取缔

blabla….反正是恶性循环

Day11进展阅读

1.Very much the exception, not the rule  rule这里是正规的,常见的

2.uaccount for = take up

keep up! way to go!加油啊!目标快实现了!

it goes a long way to…+n/动名词,to achieving you
purpose.对充分目标特别行

3.to date至今,至今为止

4.per-周围的,周边的

peripheral

formalnot as important as other things or people in a particular
activity, idea, or situation次要的

a diplomat who hada peripheral rolein the negotiations

Her involvement in the case was peripheral.

peripheral to

The romanceis peripheral tothe main plot of the movie.

formalin the outer area of something, or relating to this area外围的

the city’s peripheral suburbs

the peripheral nervous system

  1. far-fetched牵强之,未必会的;不在边际;

The storyline was too far-fetched and none of the actors was
particularly good.故事情节太离谱,演员演出吗没好好的。

  1. Hitch

There is $20trn hitch来只市值20万亿底豁口

a small problem that makes something difficult or delays it for a
short time

technical/slight/last-minute hitch

In spite of some technical hitches, the first program was a success.

The whole showwent without a hitch.

  1. Smog-belching power plant
        belch打嗝,好形象的游说那些喷吐着黑烟的厂子、机器

  2. Put the brake on ….停止..对…加以延缓,缩减,限制

The goverment put the brake on all over our plans by giving us less
money.

政府通过减少拨款的方来阻止我们所有计划之实施.

  1. Cut back减少;裁剪

Subsidies are cut back.

We must cut back on expenditure in order to remain
solvent.我们应调减开支,以统急用.

10. Prime the pumpfor new

to encourage a business, industry, or activity to develop by putting
money or effort into it

11.Falter

同义:stagnate,stumble

to become weaker and unable to continue in an effective way

The economy is showingsigns of faltering.My mother’s grip
upon the household neverfaltered.

to speak in a voice that sounds weak and uncertain, and keeps stopping

Laurie’svoice falteredas she tried to thank him.

‘I can’t,’ she faltered.声音颤抖

to become less certain and determined that you want to do something

We must not falter in our resolve.犹豫,动摇

to stop walking or to walk in an unsteady way because you suddenly
feel weak or afraid

She faltered for a moment.蹒跚

12. stall

if an engine or vehicle stalls, or if you stall it, it stops because
there is not enough power or speed to keep it going

The car kept stalling.

An inexperienced pilot may easily stall a plane.

to stop making progress or developing

The peace process remained stalled.

While his career has stalled, hers has taken off.

  1. Smooth out(解决…问题)

We will be able to smooth out our
differences.我们必然能脱我们中的龃龉

Smart batteries in those vehicles would be among the resources used to
store electricity at times of low demand and release it during peaks,
helping and release it during peaks, helping tosmooth outthe
supply across the
day.以用电低峰储存电力,高峰时释放储存的电,用来拉小极差(好形象,把上颤下动的波图抚平)

  1. Negligible

too slight or unimportant to have any effect

=insignificant

The damage done to his property was negligible.

可忽略的;微不足道的;无足轻重的;不足轻重;

In comparison with the disastrous damage made by the earthquake, my
personal loss is negligible.

  1. Curtail

to reduce or limit something缩短; 剥夺(特权,官衔等); 削减;

The new law will curtail police powers.

severely/drastically curtail

Budget cuts have drastically curtailed training programs.

curtail government
expenditure削减内阁支付

  1. Corollary

something that is the direct result of something
else推论出来的必然结果

corollary of/to

Is social inequality the inevitable corollary of economic freedom?