甘比精读

Day8

1.Turn sth upside down

a)to make a place very untidy when you are looking for something

b)to cause a lot of change and confusion in a situation or in
someone’s life

The burglars have turned our house upside down.

The chairs were placed upside down on the tables.

同义词bottom
up
,inverted,inside
out, topsy-turvy

2.Anathema

something that is completely the opposite of what you believe in

His political viewswere anathema tome.

【记】1)原指:逐出教门(正式的宗派禁令、诅咒或逐出教门)2)ana错,them他们,a啊-他们错了啊-所以要诅咒他们3)ana反对,the神,ma妈:反对神的二姑就会见临-诅咒

【类】anathema:curse=theocracy:stateanathema是神的诅咒=theocracy是神权政权(范畴一致)

【反】panegyric(n 颂词);blessing(n 祝福)”

3.Incumbent

someone who has been elected to an official position, especially in
politics, and who is doing that job at the present time

A word of caution must be mentioned to
theincumbentprogram
manager.

**it is incumbent upon/on sb to do sth=it is your duty or
responsibility to do it**

It is incumbent upon parents to control what their children watch on
TV.

4.Pricey

If you say that something is pricey, you mean that it is expensive.

This restaurant is a
bitpriceyfor
me.

5.Perennial

continuing or existing for a long time, or happening again and again

Lack of resources has been aperennial problemsince the
beginning.

Teddy bears are aperennial favoritewith children

theperennialshortage
of capital资金的漫漫短缺

[perennial](https://link.jianshu.com?t=http://www.jukuu.com/show-perennial-0.html)plants.
多年生植物**

6.Glut

a supply of something, especially a product or crop, that is more than
is needed

a glut of oil on the world market

If there is a glut of something, there is so much of it that it cannot
all be sold or used.   供过于求;供应过剩

Soldiers returning from the war had glutted the job market.

同义词:abundance, excess, plenty,superfluity, surplus.

7.Starkly

very plain in appearance, with little or no colour or decoration

In the cold dawn light, the castle looked stark and forbidding.

the stark beauty of New Mexico

unpleasantly clear and impossible to avoid

The extreme poverty of the local people is instark contrastto
the wealth of the tourists.

We are faced with a stark choice.

8.Disruptive

causing problems and preventing something from continuing in its usual
way

Night work can be verydisruptive tohome life.

Mike’s parents thought I wasa disruptive influence(=a person
who causes disruption) .

A
few
disruptivestudents
can easily ruin a class. 爱捣乱的学生

9.Intermittent

an intermittent fault in a machine.机器的间歇性故障。

同义词: irregular,occasional,periodic, recurrent, sporadic.

In the
daytimeintermittentrains
freshened all the earth.

sporadic distribution  不规则分布

10.Doldrums

a)if an industry, company, activity etc is in the doldrums, it is
not doing well or developing

in the doldrums

The property market has beenin the doldrumsfor months.

Recenteconomic doldrumshave damaged the rural west.

Despite these measures, the economy remains in the doldrums.

b)if you are in the doldrums, you are feeling sad

He’s been in the doldrums ever since she left him.

  1. Diesel

an internal-combustion内燃机 engine that burns heavy oil

12.Be insulated from

We are not insulated from the real world the way we were.

Children should be carefully insulated from harmful experiences

13.Subsidyfosterdeployment of renewables; renewablesdepresspower
prices, increasing the need for financial support. 那多个动词用的好妙!

14.Penetration —-Penetrate

Explorers penetrated deep into unknown regions.

A shrill cry penetrated the silence.

He penetrated their thoughts.

15.Cannibalize

if one of a company’s products cannibalizes another, it takes sales
away from it 相互残杀,调配人士

Coke then believed that selling a diet soda under the Coke label
wouldcannibalizeCoke’s sales.

cannibal tribe食人部落

16.shy away

If you shy away from doing something, you avoid doing it, often
because you are afraid or not confident enough.

We frequentlyshy away frommaking decisions.

Alan doesn’tshy away from controversy.

同义:shun from….retreated from…

17.Incipient

starting to happen or exist

She felt for him anincipienttenderness, but scarcely any passion.

Detectingincipienttumors

同义:initial ,rudimentary

18.Precipitous

dangerously high or steep,very sudden

*a precipitous decline**in stock prices/ one’s health*

a precipitous marriage

The town is perched on the edge of a steep, precipitous cliff.

同义词:abrupt, perpendicular, sharp, sheer, steep,vertical.

  1. bolster

to help someone to feel better and more positive,to improve
something靠枕cushion,支持

Britain is free to adopt policies tobolster its economy.

bolsterup
someone’s pride

20.Nibble away好生动!描写一点一点危机,蚕食decay,erode,erosion

Inflation began to nibble away at their savings.

His teeth having all dropped out, he could only nibble away at his
food

These high levels of inequalityerodesocial cohesion in the
region.

The sea haveerodethe cliff face over the years

  1. unabated

continuing without becoming any weaker or less violent

The stormcontinued unabatedthroughout the night.

his unabated ambition

The fighting has continued unabated for over 24 hours.

同义词undiminished,unexhausted,unextinguished,unfaded,unflagging,unmitigated

22.Wholesale

the business of selling goods in large quantities at low prices to
other businesses, rather than to the general public

→对应retail

wholesale prices批发价—-retail price 零售价

  1. Buck the trend抵抗那种倾向

to oppose something in a direct way

He was a rebel who
continuallybuckedthesystem(=opposed rules or
authority) .

Unemployment in the area hasbuckedthe nationaltrendby
falling over the last month.

buck against

Initially he had bucked against her restraints.

Upheaval   大变革

Moving house is amajor upheaval.

*political upheaval
*


亚洲城ca88手机版下载地址 1

Day9


Day10

Net metering
该政策是一种电价结算政策,须要电力公司以自然的标价从安装了可再生能源发电技术的用户买回多余的电力,或者从消费者总账单上扣除用可再生能源发电数量。

Feed-in Tariff
该方针可以保障可再生能源的开发商以一定的价位出售电力,同时需要电力集团必须购买。

从实践方法上说,他们不是或不是一遍事儿。

分别在于:

Net
metering是补贴的价格可以说就是健康的公用电价,当然那种场地只是暴发在你利用了太阳能发电而且在任其自流时期内选取的电量没有超过太阳能发电的量才有津贴,尽管领先了,那么从您利用的电量中扣除相应的太阳能暴发的电量,在公用电费高的国度是相比经济的,比如发达国家,在发展中国家,可以说大概不容许已毕,因为那是赔钱的买卖。

Feed-in
Tariff则是国家强制规定了,电力集团必须购买用户安装的太阳能电板暴发的电量,而且是高价收购,用户自己使用的电量照常根据常常个人电价付费,所以这么些政策对上网安装用户是很合算的,很多太阳能电站本条赚取。

分选新能源和旧能源就像是选用买车依然打车

新能源:起价高,不过几回性付完费就省心了,不仅不须求交打车的钱了,而且假如自己家的车并非时仍可以提供顺风车服务赚钱

旧能源:平素得花钱打车,结果顺风车出来后抢了很多正常化出租车的差事,因为顺风车生意(新能源)更有利于

结果新能源的价格优势下落了全部市场的物价指数,没利润了,自然投资者也不乐意去投资

再有很多新旧能源之间对接的技巧问题,比如白天夜间供电量不平衡须求大容量存电设备,再比如说电网得提高,要既能给用户提供电,仍能使个居家太阳能产电多时能够倒买回电网,而要这么做的话电力集团还要更进一步促销于民用,本来就赚不多,那还是能存活么,但倘诺全军覆没了,有个怎样特殊景况阴天无风政坛还没办法处理,政坛也很为难,一方面投资辅助新能源环保,其它也得扶着旧能源,所以不可以把旧能源全取缔

blabla….反正是恶性循环

Day11拓展阅读

1.Very much the exception, not the rule  rule那里是健康的,常见的

2.uaccount for = take up

keep up! way to go!加油啊!目标快完毕了!

it goes a long way to…+n/动名词,to achieving you
purpose.对大目的很得力

3.to date至今,至今为止

4.per-周围的,周边的

peripheral

formalnot as important as other things or people in a particular
activity, idea, or situation次要的

a diplomat who hada peripheral rolein the negotiations

Her involvement in the case was peripheral.

peripheral to

The romanceis peripheral tothe main plot of the movie.

formalin the outer area of something, or relating to this area外围的

the city’s peripheral suburbs

the peripheral nervous system

  1. far-fetched牵强的,未必会的;言之无物;

The storyline was too far-fetched and none of the actors was
particularly good.故事情节太不可信,影星表演也从没理想的。

  1. Hitch

There is $20trn hitch有个市值20万亿的裂口

a small problem that makes something difficult or delays it for a
short time

technical/slight/last-minute hitch

In spite of some technical hitches, the first program was a success.

The whole showwent without a hitch.

  1. Smog-belching power plant
        belch打嗝,好形象的说那个喷吐着黑烟的厂子、机器

  2. Put the brake on ….甘休..对…加以延缓,缩减,限制

The goverment put the brake on all over our plans by giving us less
money.

当局经过收缩拨款的法门来阻拦大家拥有安排的实施.

  1. Cut back减少;裁剪

Subsidies are cut back.

We must cut back on expenditure in order to remain
solvent.大家应调减开销,以备急用.

10. Prime the pumpfor new

to encourage a business, industry, or activity to develop by putting
money or effort into it

11.Falter

同义:stagnate,stumble

to become weaker and unable to continue in an effective way

The economy is showingsigns of faltering.My mother’s grip
upon the household neverfaltered.

to speak in a voice that sounds weak and uncertain, and keeps stopping

Laurie’svoice falteredas she tried to thank him.

‘I can’t,’ she faltered.声音颤抖

to become less certain and determined that you want to do something

We must not falter in our resolve.犹豫,动摇

to stop walking or to walk in an unsteady way because you suddenly
feel weak or afraid

She faltered for a moment.蹒跚

12. stall

if an engine or vehicle stalls, or if you stall it, it stops because
there is not enough power or speed to keep it going

The car kept stalling.

An inexperienced pilot may easily stall a plane.

to stop making progress or developing

The peace process remained stalled.

While his career has stalled, hers has taken off.

  1. Smooth out(解决…问题)

We will be able to smooth out our
differences.大家必然能消除大家之间的争辩

Smart batteries in those vehicles would be among the resources used to
store electricity at times of low demand and release it during peaks,
helping and release it during peaks, helping tosmooth outthe
supply across the
day.在用电低峰储存电力,高峰时释放储存的电,用来拉小极差(好形象,把上颤下动的波图抚平)

  1. Negligible

too slight or unimportant to have any effect

=insignificant

The damage done to his property was negligible.

可以忽略的;卑不足道的;无足轻重的;不足轻重;

亚洲城ca88手机版下载地址,In comparison with the disastrous damage made by the earthquake, my
personal loss is negligible.

  1. Curtail

to reduce or limit something缩短; 剥夺(特权,官衔等); 削减;

The new law will curtail police powers.

severely/drastically curtail

Budget cuts have drastically curtailed training programs.

curtail government
expenditure削减政府支付

  1. Corollary

something that is the direct result of something
else推论出来的必然结果

corollary of/to

Is social inequality the inevitable corollary of economic freedom?