甘比精读

Day 8:

* issue a laugh 在字典里从未查到固定的用法。

* conventional untility 那里utility公共事业

public/privatized utility

untility a.  e.g. an all-round utility player

* New vocabularies:

terbine 涡轮机

photovoltaic 光伏特的

biogas 沼气

grid (输电,输天然气的)管道互连网

anathema 可憎的事物

subsidy 补贴金

fossil 化石

pricey expensive

rebate 退还款,折扣 a tax rebate 退税

shale-gas 页岩气

indebted 感激的(be ~ to);负债的

intermittent 断断续续的,间歇的

doldrum 赤道无风带

diesel 柴油

think-tank 智库

incipient 最初的,早期的

dromedary 单峰驼

precipitous 陡峭的 precipitous cliff 骤然的 a precipitous decline

lucrative 赚大钱的,获利多的

upheaval 动荡

* again,名作动。之前有house, cloud, harbour,这次是blanket.

e.g. Snow soon blanketed the frozen ground.

* handsomely 慷慨地

e.g. Their bravery was handsomely rewarded.

* pocket
那边又是一个名作动。pocket其余用法很多,可是都很好了解,是一般的表达,所以仅在此列出相比较特其余。

pocket n. = money

e.g. We have holidays to suit every pocket.

The foundation is reputed to have deep pockets.

小团体,范围

e.g. There are still a few isolated pockets of resistance to the new
regime. (这几个句子的句式也很有意思,跟a furiously motivated student by the
power of knowledge有异曲同工之妙)

be in sb’s pocket 在某人的掌控之中

live/be in each other’s pockets 严守原地

have sb in your pocket 明白(尤指通过威吓贿赂等手段)

have sth in your pocket 胜券在握

in/out of pocket 获得/损失钱财

e.g. That one mistake left them thousands of pounds out of pocket.

pocket sth 揩油;赚钱

e.g. He regularly charges passengers more than the normal fare and
pockets the difference.

* incumbent

n. 现任者 the president incumbent

a. 现任的 the incumbent president

a. 有任务的,必须履行 incumbent on/upon sb

e.g. It was incumbent on them to attend.

* But 魏尔德poldsried is still very much the exception, not the rule.
表示只占少数,而非主流的一种写法。挺有趣的。关于except/exception那些词日常能写出一部分卓越的语句。

以前在house exterior里面有一个:The Circular Pavilion is anything but
round, with the exception of its nearly 180 doorknobs.

* account for的三种意思,再强调一下。

A number of factors account for the differences between the two scores.
解释,说明

account for 30% of our imports 占…比重

The president and the president alone will account for his government’s
reforms. 对(行动,政策等负责)

背后那八个都不曾接触过。

把…列入预算 The really heavy redundancy costs have been accounted for.

杀死,消灭,打败 In the final they accounted for Brentford by three
goals to two.

* to date=by now=as yet

* robust 也有多如牛毛用法。老规矩,常见义不说。说一些没见过的

结实的,耐用的 a robust piece of machine

(体制或机构) 强劲的,富有活力的 robust economic growth

坚定的,信心十足的= vigorous 

e.g. It was a typical robust performance by the Foreign Secretary.

还足以指味道强烈 a robust cheese

坚固的 a robust chair

做adv.时,又有八个趣味。

一个是巩固地,不提。

再有一个不懈地。 They defended their policy robustly.

瞩目一下原稿的发挥,robust prices也很棒。

* perennial 长久的,持续的,反复出现的

the perennial problem of water shortage

a perennially popular subject

* hope springs eternal
永恒的盼望之泉…即人生永远充满希望。怪不得那句看了半天都不懂它的语法。搞了半天是个专盛名词。

e.g. I don’t think I’ll get the job, but hope springs eternal.

* affix: -wide 遍及…的,有关…全体的

economy-wide 全部经济的

* glut 供应过剩 a world oil glut

除了,还足以做动词。表示充斥,使供应过剩。寻常依然经济学领域的发挥。

e.g. The region is glutted with hospitals.

Soldiers returning from the war have glutted the job market.

* again,名作动。这一次是mask,应该蛮熟谙了。=disguise, veil

嗯…veil又是一个名作动

* stark 嗯一看看就悟出House Stark

于是就表达了why starks are called Stark. Because the place where they
settle is so severe. 了无修饰的,荒凉的,粗陋的 The house stood stark
against the winter sky.

严峻的,赤裸裸的,真实而无法回避的 a stark picture of the prison life/a
stark choice冷酷的选项/stark reality

相比较之下分明的 stark differences/in stark contrast to

全然的,十足的= utter 此时仅做定语 The children watched in stark terror.

We are starkly aware of the risks.

* 法学类的词汇或者要熟识。像slump猛跌,collapse这样的。to apply
instead of to recognise

* havoc 灾害,祸患,浩劫

Continuing strikes are beginning to play havoc with the national
economy.

These insects can wreak havoc on crops.

* write off

注销 write off Polish debts

认定…不重要;忽视 He is fed up with people writing him off because of
his age.

(爆发撞击后)车辆报销 write off four cars

废除(布置或项目) We decided to write off the rest of the day and go
shopping.

* punch above your weight 以小搏大,超常发挥狂胜

e.g. This player seems to be able to punch above his weight.

* 同样,注意那种美好的语言表达,不要让投机的发挥显得累赘。

PREFIX: de-

deregulate 解除管制

* at first blush=at first sight

* play champions and roles
如同是一个恒定用法,搜索引擎查出来依旧蛮多句子用的,然则不知底确切意思。

* standby

put on standby

高居待命状态 e.g. The emergency servuces were put on standby soon after
the bomb warning.

候补座位 e.g. He was put on standby for the flight to New York.

* capacity payment 容量费

* insulate 那几个背了广大遍了啊,老是跟insinuate搞混。

使隔离,使绝缘。 Home owners are encouraged to insulate their homes to
save energy.

使免除(不喜欢的经历);使免受(不良影响);隔离=shield e.g. The royal
family try to insulate him fro the prying eyes of the media.

* generator除了有发电机的意味,仍是可以象征电力集团。

* depress 好像至今截止对depress所有的印象都集中在depressed,
depression。不过任何用法一向没怎么在意。法学类的篇章里面出镜率依旧很高的

使萧条,使不景气 The recession has depressed the housing market.

降低(价格),减少(工资) depress wages/prices

按,压,推下(尤指机器部件)depress the clutch pedal 踩离合器踏板

* penetration 也是一个停留在recognisation范围而不会apply的用语。

prevent water penetration

the company’s successful penetration of overseas markets

* portfolio 常见义文件夹,不谈。

求职时用于注脚资历的全体照片,小说 You’ll need to prepare a portfolio of
you work.

入股组合,有价证券组合 an investment/share portfolio 投资/股份结合

市长或大臣的天职,职务 the defence portfolio

portfolio of products 产品组合

a minister without portfolio (a politician who is given the rank
without being given the responsibility for any other particular areas of
politic activities)

* shy away from 畏避,回避

e.g. The newspapers have shied away from investigating the story.

* peg 常见义不谈。

使薪金、价格一定在某水平 Pay increases will be pegged at 5%.

使工资、价格与…挂钩 Loan repayments are pegged to your income.

* buck 抵制,反抗

buck the trend of recession

buck the system 反抗现存体制

* 多少个比较活泼的短语/词汇统计:

dry up e.g. thr private investment will dry up

they also eat into demand

it eats its own tail

double/triple

feed e.g. feed surplus power from PVS into the grid

slash prices to win 那么些很活跃啊,像砍价一样

doom e.g. doom the traditional utility

* death spiral 身故漩涡

* take account of 考虑到

* package deal 一揽子交易

* bolster

bolster sb’s confidence/courage/morale

bolster sth up e.g. bolster up the economy

* liken sth to sth 把…比作

* scream blue murder 不停叫嚷,鸣不平

* structure around marginal costs 边际费用是(利润)结构的骨干


Day 9:

图片 1

图片 2

图片 3


Day 10:

I have to say it’s a pretty unintelligible article which on Day One I
strived to finish the vocabulary but failed against my wish. The
overwhelming jargons should be able to explain it on one side while the
economic analysis on the other.

Very much frustrated.

Still the learning goes on.

The additional reading looks like a much clearer and easier syllabus of
the intensive reading.

The principle problem should be that renewable energies are dragging the
prices of all sources down thus posing a dilemma.

What baffles people is that all the solutions we’ve come out serve a
long-term process instead of breaking the chain of this short-term
plight.

Some jargons:

generator

subsidy

decarbonise

grid

rebate

glut

shale-gas

megawatt/gigawatt

indebted

marginal cost

deregulate

hydroelectric plant

storage capacity

diesel generator

fixed-price contract

portfolio

fluctuation

deployment

package deal

penetration

Very possibly I’ll never forget these words hhh

These days have been such an ordeal~~~


Day 11:

The two articles can distil down to that the kernel should be an
outdated energy market system which fails to cope with the penetration
of renewables. We may not depict the renewable energy as a disruptive
one, at least from my perspective, as the progress cannot and should not
be reversed.

But how to deter the trend where renewables constantly drag the prices
thus depressing the whole market?

The intermittency of renewables determines how future energy
infrastructure should be designed: a smart grid, an integration of
fossil fuel electricity and renewables. But let’s pull back from that
point for that we’re trapped in a short-term economic plight instead of
a long-term technological one for now.

Therefore due to the said problem within the system itself, it is the
government that should rack the brain to struggle for a solution. It has
been so long a time since the electricity market was deregulated. Now
the government should regain its power and make real reforms.

First subsidies for renewables should be curtailed step by step as we
can’t afford another plunge in prices. Second to resurrect the
electricity market a relatively high fixed-price contract should be
provided as a way to ensure profits, hence the incentive of investments.

In justification of emission control, customers who prefer a supply of
renewables should be rewarded, yet with subsidies but rebates in bills.
Bills should be structured with both renewables and fossil fuels as a
guaranteed service in case of a blackout. Customers are free to choose
the respective proportion of those two energy sources reflecting their
demands for guarantees. Theoretically, renewables will be the
fundamental while fossil fuels switch into a scarcity.